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Introduction

To ensure small farmers get maximum results from orchards, technology the following must be practiced (divided by goal):

A : Achieving The Youthfulness

Technology Types
1.Latex Timber Clone(LTC) (2 Whirl Hard Leaves)
2. Crop Density (450 - 500 Trees / Hectare)
3. 10% @ Embroidery Area (1 Year After Planted)
4. Weeding By Schedule
5. Fertilizing By Schedule
6. Controlled Crop
7. Control Area @ 1% Disease
     I. Leaf
    II. Trunk/Branch
   III. Root

B : Achieving Yield Production > 1500 Kg/Ha/yr

Technology Types
1. Crop Production (Ethephon Stimulus)

    Mature Tree < 15 Years BO-1/BO-2 (Virgin Skin)
    Mature Tree > 15 Years B1-1/B1-2 (Write Back of Skin)

2. Crop Production (Gas Boost) (Mature Tree > 15 Years HO-Virgin Skin)

    REACTORRIM
    RRIMFLOW
    LET SISTEM
    G-FLEX
    MORTEX

3. Number of Days is Tapped (7 - 9 Days/Months D3) or (84 - 108 Days/Years D3)
4. Weeding By Schedule
5. Fertilizing By Schedule
6. Installation of Rain Proof Tool

C : Contribution To Earnings For Smallholders

Technology Types
1. Integration In Rubber Plantation
2. Cash Crop Cultivation
3. Permanent Crop
4. Livestock/Aquaculture

Achieving The Youthfulness

Achieving Yield Production > 1500 Kg/Ha/yr

1. Crop Production-Ethephon Stimulus

Production of latex can be boosted through the use of chemical ethephon, which is integrated with the medium such as palm oil and other peravis inert. This material acts to slow down occurrence of the LaTeX during tapping. Therefore, a long time given for LaTeX to flow out.

1.1. Mature Trees < 15 years BO-1-BO-2 (Virgin Skin)
In this tapping on the panel of Ethephon used by tapping the strength and frequency of use depending on the system of tapping and the age of the tree.

1.2. Mature Trees > 15 years B1-1/B1-2 (Write Back of Skin)
Rubber trees aged 15 years and above can use the tool Ethephon in addition to the stimulus tools such as gas RRIMFLOW, REACTORRIM, LET the system, G-FLEX and MORTEX.

2. Crop Production - Gas Boost

(Mature Trees > 15 years HO-Virgin Skin)

The principal criteria suitable to practice the techniques of gas stimulation:

Aged 15 years or more
Trees should be healthy and have good foliage without serious disease without problems.
The practice of tapping and use of stimulants or both is not practiced in exaggeration. Trees still has at least 50% of Virgin skin panel on gas stimulation technique used before.

Trees in gardens have no history of cleaning the skin.

Following are the results Of the increase in revenue Once Operates A Gas Stimulation (by RISDA Nursery and landscaping Sdn. Bhd.-RSSB)

Types of stimulus RRIMFLOW REACTORRIM  LET SISTEM  ETEFON KAWALAN 
% Increase 211% 192%  149%  113%  00
                       
                       
2.1   REACTORRIM

2.2.   RRIMFLOW

2.3.   LET SISTEM

2.4    G-FLEX

G-FLEX is a new stimulant technique releases Malaysian rubber Board (MRB) using etilina as a stimulant which is supplied directly to the skin rubber trees once the inflatable and collapsible container installed.
This technique allows tapping carried out 48 hours after installation the first time completion, and 24 hours after gas supply next do.
G-FLEX concepts stimulation cycle, which supply gas etilina on an ongoing basis at a rate of a slow cooker, and stimulant technique which supply gas on a periodic basis.
It was developed with features that more user-friendly, easy-to-install leak-resistant, as well as its market price which is much cheaper than other gas stimulus tool without significant yield differences.
G-FLEX can improve the efficiency of the stimulant technique G-FLEX and Tapper, to enable smallholder productivity and income.
2.5 MORTEX

MORTEX is etefon-based formulations, used to enable young rubber trees, encouraged more frequently from the trees open grooves tapping.
MORTEX enables enhanced application frequency up to eight times a year compared to the previous (only two to three times a year) from the start tapping.
Practice stimulates rubber trees must be stopped for a while especially in leaf season, between three to four months a year.
The profile results in one ethephon showed an increase in revenue occurred in 10 to 14 days before returning to the original level before ethephon.
MORTEX usage cost is cheap and easy to use. Ethephon had limitations because it only serves to delay the occurrence of freezing palaman LaTeX LaTeX channels on the surface.
Not only do MORTEX serves as ethephon it could help stabilise the rubber latex production for something round stimulation cycle (up to 8 cycles).
Although the use of more often, dryness of the skin was low.

3. Number of Days is Tapped

(7-9 Days/Months d/3) or (84-108 Days/Years d/3)

The number of days tapping to play an important role in determining the effectiveness of the implementation of the LITS (Lower Frequency Tapping System). The total revenue earned by a smallholders.

4. Weeding By Schedule

At the beginning, weed control can be said often, but increasingly rare circumstances the auspices of rubber trees getting bigger and widespread jemalanya and weed conditions weakening.

Weed control cycles (tree adults)

Year All Crop Lane
(Rotation Intended/Yr)
  
* Between Crop Lane
(Rotation Intended/Yr)
 5  4  3
 6  3  3
 7  2  -
 8  2  -
 9  1  -
 10  1  -

5. Fertilizing By Schedule

Fertilizer is an important source of food for plants, especially rubber. Fertilizer and orderly on schedule as well as the appropriate application techniques giving a great impact to the production of LaTeX.
For rubber trees mature, soil and leaf analysis must be carried out for the purpose of making recommendations fertilizing discrimination. The area must be free from weeds, sprinkled fertilizer on average in the entire area.
Avoid fertilizing during drought or heavy rain.
Recommendation Of Application Of Matured Rubber For Rubber Smallholders Individual

Fertilizer Type Kampit/ Hectare Months After Planting Type of Fertilizer Fertilizer Rates per plant
RISDA 4
(8 kampit)
72 RISDA 2 (gram)
450
(pot)
1 2/3

@Small Pot sweetened condensed milk content its weight equivalent to about 350 grams of fertilizer.
RISDA 4 = NPK 10 : 6 : 21 (kampit 25 kg)

Matched from recommendations by the Malaysian Rubber Board (MRB)

6. Installation of Rain Proof Tool

Sagging from water to the base of the tree through jemala unable membasahkan tapping panel and makes it difficult for LaTeX flow into the Bowl the next day. Installing a conducting out precipitation on tree trunks found can overcome this problem.
A waterproof rain ' Rain Gutter '

Achieving Yield Production

Youth Achieve Goals Period < 4 1/2 Years

Achieving Goals Youth Period
(Principal Youth)

To ensure that the rubber trees reach adolescence period is less than 4 1/2 years , small farmers must adopt the following technologies :


1. Latex Timber Clone ( LTC ) - 2 Swirl Hard Leaves

Planting must use LTC clones with 2 leaves swirl hard . Latex timber clones are a result of production of latex and rubber wood high . Clone clone showed good growth as fertility and growth and long straight stems .
Examples of Latex Timber Clone ( LTC )

 GROUP 1 GROUP 2
PB 260 RRIM 2001 RRIM 2016
PB 350 RRIM 2002 RRIM 2023
PB 355   RRIM 2024
PB 359   RRIM 2025
    RRIM 2026

GROUP ( 1 )
TO BE PLANTED IN LIMITED ( NOT MORE THAN 20 % )

GROUP ( 2 )
TO BE PLANTED IN BROAD ( NOT MORE THAN 80 % )


2. Crop Density - 450-500 Trees / Hectare

Optimum number of trees per hectare and the number of farms is to be there at the age of
3 years after the slots open , which is about 7 1/2 years from the date it was planted.

Purpose:
• Get the number of trees the lush life.
• Optimize the cost of planting, maintenance and procurement.
• Optimal results .
• Reduce the tapping panel disease .
• Optimize skin recovery when tapped later.


3. 10 % @ Embroidery Area - 1 Year After Planted

If there is a dead tree , embroidery must be made ​​within one year from the date of planting trees .

Seeds for embroidery must peer in terms of the size of the circumference of the trunk to ensure the tree reaches maturity the same time with other trees in an area . This exercise will be more easily implemented if 10% of the seeds have been provided from the surplus when working plant first.

The objective of this stitching is carried out to :
1 . Ensure adequate number of trees per hectare .
2 . Getting maximum results.
3 . Uniformity in growth .


4. Weeding By Schedule

Weeds should always be controlled because it competes with rubber and can affect growth. For young rubber trees where the bark is still green , weed control using chemicals should be done with caution. Lane 2 meter wide crop of weeds to be controlled especially vicious weeds .
Weeds should be controlled so that the lane is not more than 60 cm high. Weed violent as weeds should be eliminated altogether.

Round No. Weed Control ( young trees )

 Year The Alley Crops
( Number )
* Between Lane Plant
( Number )
1 4 - 6 6
2 4 - 6 4
3 4 3
4 4 3
*Weeds that grow in between the ground cover legumes only.

Some Kind of Weed Violent and control

Type of Weed Type of Pesticide Herbicide rates per hectare + 450 Litre water Poison rate (Ml) +
18 Litre water
 Asystasia gargentica(herba jejentik)  2,4-D Amine  3.0  120
 Chromolaena odorata (pokok kapal terbang)  Garlon 250  2.0  80
 Dicranopteris linearis (paku resam)  Paraquat  4.0  160
Imperata cylindrica (lalang) Assault 100A atau Glyphosate 7.5
6.0
280
240
Mikania micrantha(selaput tunggul) 2,4-D Amine 2.0 80
Pennisetum polystachyon
(rumput ekor kuda)
Assault 100A atau Glyphosate 7.5 280
Stenochlaena palustris (paku rawan) Paraquat 4.0 160
Elusine indica
(rumput sambau)
Glyphosate 4.0 160
Melastoma malabathricum (senduduk) Garlon 250 2.0 80
Ischaemum muticum (rumput tembaga jantan) Glyphosate 3.0 120

5. Fertilizing By Schedule

Fertilizer is an important food source for plants especially rubber . Proper and regular fertilizing schedule and proper fertilization techniques has a great impact on the production of latex.

For young rubber trees ( 1-2 years) fertilizer sprinkled around the plants .
For old rubber trees 2-4 years , the average fertilizer sprinkled along the aisle / row crop wide as 2 - 3.5 meters, except 60 cm around the tree.

Do not operate the fertilizer in drought or heavy rain .

Fertiliser Recommendations for Smallholder Rubber Rubber Individuals

Installment Fertilizer type Kampit / Hectare Month after Planting Type of Fertilizer Fertilizer rates per plant
 1  Debu Fosfat
(1 kampit)
RISDA 1
(6 kampit)
 0
(lubang tanam)
1
2 1/2
4
5 1/2
 Debu Fosfat
RISDA 1
RISDA 1
RISDA 1
RISDA 1
 (gram)
100
50
70
100
100
(pot)
1/3
1/7
1/5
2/7
 
 2  RISDA 1
(11 kampit)
7
9
11
13
15
RISDA 1
RISDA 1
RISDA 1
RISDA 1
RISDA 1
100
100
150
150
150
2/7
2/7
2/5
2/5
2/5
 3  RISDA 1
(14 kampit)
18
21
24
27
RISDA 1
RISDA 1
RISDA 1
RISDA 1
150
200
200
250
2/5
4/7
4/7
4/7
 4  RISDA 1
(16 kampit)
30
34
38
RISDA 1
RISDA 1
RISDA 1
300
300
300
6/7
6/7
6/7
 5  RISDA 2
(24 kampit)
42
46
50
RISDA 2
RISDA 2
RISDA 2
450
450
450
1 2/3
1 2/3
1 2/3
 6  RISDA 2
(16 kampit)
56
62
 RISDA 2
RISDA 2
450
450
1 2/3
1 2/3
@ Pot little sweetened condensed milk weight content equal to about 350 grams of fertilizer .
RISDA 1 = NPK Mg. 9 : 14: 8 : 2 ( bags of 25 kg )
RISDA 2 = NPK 10 : 12 : 13 ( bag of 25 kg )
Adapted from recommendations by the Malaysian Rubber Board ( MRB )


6. Controlled Crop

Basically not allowed branchy tree sap until it reaches a height of 300 centimeters for the needs and allows job of tapping . But the final height depends on the policy of exploitation at a time .
To achieve a smooth trunk and this update , crop control must be carried out by removing the lower branches once the three- vortex formation on a tree branch .

7. Control Area @ 1 % Disease

7.1 Leaf
Attack through the leaves should be given serious consideration as it can affect the health of rubber and latex production . The leaf diseases are:

No. Name of Disease  Fungus Poison Treatment
 1. Kulapok Berdebu Belerang Pendebuan belerang pada pucuk-pucuk yang baru keluar pada kadar 9 kg/ha setiap minggu sebanyak  5 - 6 kali
 2. Penyakit Daun Colletotrichum 2% Daconil 50WP Sembur racun kulat seminggu sekali sehingga daun matang.
 3. Bintik Mata Burung 1. Antracol
2. Dithane-M45
Sembur dengan 0.5% salah satu racun kulat setiap minggu pada daun muda.
 4. Penyakit Daun Luruh Phytophthrora Kuprum Oksiklorida Sembur racun kulat pada kadar 1.2 kg/ha a.i. sebelum ketibaan musim monsun.

7.2 Trunk / Branch

The branches of the tree trunk , branch and tapping panel also suffer from bouts of illness . Among these are :

 No. Name of Disease  Fungus Poison Treatment
 1. Mushroom Wind 1. Campuran Bordeaux (1 kg kuprum sulfat : 2 kg. Kapur mati : 100 liter air)
2. Callixin Readymixed
3. Daconil Flowable 500
- sembur pada batang atau dahan yang berpenyakit seminggu sekali (untuk getah yang belum ditoreh)
- sapu pada tempat yang berpenyakit (boleh dilakukan pada pokok getah muda dan dewasa)
- bancuh racun mengikut syor (3% a.i.) dan sembur pada tempat berpenyakit ( boleh diguna pada pokok getah muda dan dewasa)
 2. Bad Mushroom  0.5% Benlate Sapu atau sembur panel dan alur torehan selepas menoreh 2 kali seminggu selepas torehan selama 3 - 4 minggu (bergantung kepada keparahan penyakit).
 3. Black Scratches  0.2% Ridomil 25WP Sapu atau sembur panel dan alur torehan setiap kali selepas menoreh 2 kali seminggu selama 4 - 6 minggu (bergantung kepada keparahan penyakit).

7.3 Roots

Root disease is the most deadly disease in the rubber caused by fungus , which initially attacked the root bark . It penetrates the bark, roots become obsolete and dead trees. It can spread from tree to tree through the roots and meeting its antifungal spores are spread by wind .
There are 3 main root disease :

 No.  Name of Disease  Fungus Poison  Treatment
 1. Penyakit Akar Putih (Rigidoporous lignosus) Bayleton / Tilt Gali alur sekeliling pangkal pokok. Sediakan bancuhan racun kulat mengikut syor dan siram di seliling pokok yang dijangkiti penyakit tersebut:
Bayleton : pokok < 2 thn : 10g / 1 liter air
pokok 2-5 thn : 20g / 2 liter air
Tilt : pokok < 2 thn : 10g / 1 liter air
pokok 2-5 thn : 20g / 2 liter air
 2. Penyakit Akar Merah (Ganoderma philippi) Calixin Collar Protectant Gali sehingga mendedahkan pangkal akar tunjang dan akar sisinya. Cantas bahagian akar sisinya yang telah reput atau berpenyakit. Sapu racun kulat pada akar tunjang dan akar sisi yang telah terdedah
 3. Penyakit Akar Perang (Phellinus noxius) Calixin Collar Protectant  

Contribution To Earnings For Smallholders

1. Integration In Rubber Plantation

For crop diversification from a limited area.

To avoid the suspension of income from one crop type.

The perfect farming business means the success of the use of land at the maximum rate and competitive high volume production. With a variety of crops and livestock, the production of a farm can be increased. Through the efforts of integration vast farming land not capable of giving high yields. Integration is defined as working on other crops or livestock in addition to its main cultivation of rubber.
Cash Crop Cultivation

eg. : Chilli, pineapple, lemongrass, soybean, peanut, banana corn.

Permanent Crops

eg. : Cempedak, starfruit, rambutan, duku, durian.

Livestock / Aquaculture

eg. : Livestock (goat, chicken, cow, duck), Aquaculture (fish, prawn)

Rubber Technology

Farms Development

 No.  Title  Attachment
 1. Soil Preparation Technique ( Hill and Flat )
 2. Agricultural Road Construction
 3. Construct Terrace Technique
 4. Construct Trench
 5. Fence Technique
 6. Range Technique
 7. Planting Peanut Ground Cover Technique
 8. Holing Technique in Rubber Plantation
 9. Plantation With Density Over 500 Trees per Hectare  

The Selection Of Clones And Planting

 No.  Title Attachment
 1. Clone Usage By Using 'Enviromak'            
 2. BCMP Seed and Double Storey Leaves
 3. Rubber Seed Plantation Technique
 4. Internal Plantation Technique

Management Of Young Rubber

No.  Title Attachment
 1. Fertilization of Young Rubber                                
 2. Branch Support Technique
 3. Branch Trim Technique
 4. Growth Measure and 'Point Plan' Technique

Management Of Matured Rubber

 No. Title  Attachment
 1. Fertilize Mature Rubber                                
 2. Opening Tapping Site Technique
 3. Mature Rubber Tapping Technique
 4. Low Intensity Tapping System ( LITS)
 5. Stimulus Tool Usage Technique
 6. Usage of Rain Protection Equipment

Integration

 No.  Title  Attachment
 1. Crop and Livestock Integration - Integration  

Weed Control

 No.  Title  Attachment
 1. Weed Control Technique – Weed Control  

Pest And Disease Control

 No. Title
 Attachment
 1. Root Disease Control Technique – Rubber Disease Control    
 2. Leaf Disease Control Technique - Leaf Disease Control
 3. Stem Disease Control techniques and incision site - Gum Disease Control
 4. Rubber Enemy Control Technique (Pest) - Pest Control

Oil Palm Technology

Plantation Development

 No.  Title Attachment
 1. PS1 Oil Palm Clone Usage
 2. Oil Palm Plantation Method Using Biomass Technique
 3. Young and Mature Oil Palm Fertilization
 4. Mature Oil Palm Frond Pruning
 5. Black Fruit Bunch Census System
 6. Fresh Oil Palm Fruit Bunch Reaping Technique
 7. Oil Palm Grading
 8. Weed Control Technique (Oil Palm)
 9. Oil Palm Disease Control Technique
 10. Pest Control Technique (Oil Palm)

Oil Palm Plantation


 No.  Title  Attachment
 1. Oil Palm Management and Plantation In Peat Soil Area Guidelines          
 2. Ganoderma Disease/Rotten Trunk Base Disease Management Guidelines
 3. Rodent Pest Control In Oil Palm Plantation

Guide and Additional Information


 No.  Title  Attachment
 1. Rubber Plantation Guidance                               
 2. Oil Palm Plantation Guidance
 3. Additional Information-Rubber
 4. Additional Information-Oil Palm
 5. GAP 4: Tapping

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